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Enhancing Audit Committee Effectiveness: Insights from the 2023 Survey Report

In the ever-evolving landscape of financial reporting and audit practices, the role of audit committees has become increasingly crucial. The 2023 Survey Report on the Implementation of Guidelines for Effective Audit Committees, published by the Accounting and Financial Reporting Council (AFRC), sheds light on the challenges faced by Hong Kong-listed companies and provides valuable insights into enhancing the effectiveness of audit committees. This article aims to summarize the key findings and recommendations from the report, highlighting the importance of audit committee engagement and collaboration.

Key Survey Results and Observations:

The survey conducted by the AFRC revealed several noteworthy findings. One alarming trend identified was the pressure exerted on auditors to issue clean audit opinions, potentially compromising the credibility and trustworthiness of such opinions in the market . This finding underscores the need for audit committees to maintain independence and objectivity in their evaluation of auditor performance.

The report also emphasized the importance of board leadership and a tone from the top in promoting effective audit committee practices . It highlighted the significance of company culture, knowledge, and expertise of the audit committee, as well as the availability of resources to support their functions . Collaboration between the auditor, audit committee, and management was identified as a critical factor in improving the implementation of the guidelines .

Expectations and Recommendations:

Building upon the survey findings, the AFRC outlined its expectations for audit committees and other stakeholders. The report emphasized the need for audit committees to establish robust processes and procedures for the selection, appointment, and reappointment of auditors . It stressed the importance of conducting thorough audit tenders and ensuring that audit fees are reasonable and commensurate with the services provided .

The AFRC also highlighted the significance of audit committee engagement and their proactive involvement in overseeing financial reporting and audit practices. It called for audit committees to stay updated on emerging risks, such as ESG reporting and cybersecurity, and to adapt their practices accordingly . The report emphasized the role of audit committees in fostering a culture of transparency, accountability, and ethical behavior within the organization.


The 2023 Survey Report on the Implementation of Guidelines for Effective Audit Committees provides valuable insights into the challenges faced by audit committees in Hong Kong-listed companies. It emphasizes the importance of audit committee engagement, collaboration, and adherence to the provided guidelines. By implementing the recommendations outlined in the report, audit committees can enhance their effectiveness and contribute to the overall quality.


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